The IBM Institute for Business Value (IBV) identified data management as one of the most significant difficulties that operators, OEMs, and regulatory agencies will confront as vehicles become more autonomous, forecasting a boom in associated data.
According to research undertaken jointly by the company, industry association the GSMA, and vehicle manufacturer Jaguar Land Rover, the volume of data sent across telecom networks by the connected car sector will increase over the next two years.
According to Siemens research, if 20% of the world's 1.5 billion cars become highly autonomous, it would generate approximately 300 zettabytes of data.
According to Counterpoint Research, connected auto sales topped disconnected models for the first time in 2022, and a CAGR of roughly 17% is expected until 2027 for a total of 367 million vehicles.
According to the organisation, generative AI could be the key to unlocking totally autonomous vehicles by using algorithms to generate fresh content for virtual environments and simulating real-world scenarios for training purposes.
Vehicles could also include a generative AI interface, allowing drivers to interact in natural language rather than predefined orders.
Non-terrestrial networks are highlighted as a critical component of the connectivity puzzle, offering coverage in locations that ground-based networks cannot reach, while the firms cautioned that this may cost car manufacturers and users more.
Hyperscalers with competence in delivering and protecting cloud, IoT, and edge computing could also play an important role in developing new vehicle connectivity services.
The panel observed that industry organisations and governments appear to be on the same page regarding the cellular V2X communication protocol. The GSMA is collaborating with operators, OEMs, and regulatory organisations to create a unified approach to security, regulatory, and infrastructure platforms.
According to IBM et al, "Data is the new fuel powering modern cars, and networks are the pipelines," but they also underlined the need for increased coverage, data authentication, and cooperation to keep up with the growing number of connected vehicles.
For car connections with other vehicles, pedestrians, traffic systems, and IoT devices, network performance, cybersecurity, and data reliability are becoming safety imperatives.
According to the group, telecommunications service providers have a clear duty to provide high-bandwidth, low-latency, dependable, and secure connectivity services to enable many of the services.
According to Juniper Research, the operator opportunity for 5 G-connected automobiles alone is $3.6 billion.
In addition to operators, vehicle manufacturers, governments, industry associations, intelligent traffic system developers, and cloud providers must work together to create an ecosystem that will allow the sector to thrive.